One major issue was that any services running between Hartlepool and Sunderland still had to ascend or descend both the 1:44 incline at Seaton Bank, and the aforementioned incline at Hesleden Bank. Nonetheless, the decline of the British coal industry meant that this traffic, too, was steadily lost, commencing with the cessation of mining operations at Blackhall Colliery, on 16 April 1981[24] and culminating with that at Wearmouth Colliery, on 24 November 1993. Almost immediately work began to construct a second railway from the new harbour to the hinterland, paid … Durham is now only served by Durham railway station (East Coast Main Line) on Wharton Hill. The Past. There are 5 ways to get from Sunderland to Castleside by train, bus, taxi or car. In 1911, Hetton Coal Co. merged with the Lambton Collieries and their railway systems were joined with a connection from the Lambton staithes to the Hetton staithes at the Port of Sunderland. Construction of this new line between Seaham Colliery on the LS&SR, and Hart Junction on the ex-HD&R route was sanctioned in 1894–95. The Past. [8], Following the completion of the improvements of the 1870s, the Durham Coast Line could be operated as a through route but, having not been constructed for such a purpose, doing so it remained challenging. The opening of the Clarence was closely followed by the Hartlepool Dock & Railway, a similar concern, intended to link the collieries surrounding the City of Durham, to the coast at Hartlepool (rather than the River Tees). LNER operates a train from Sunderland to Durham once daily. For the DCL, one of the first of these saw the construction of a new curve to link the ex-LNR Stockton branch to the former network of Stockton & Darlington Railway (absorbed by the NER in 1863), which linking Middlesbrough to lines towards Stockton and Hartlepool. Railways and Waggonways in County Durham These maps show the pre-1974 boundaries of County Durham, after which Gateshead, South Tyneside, Sunderland, Darlington, Stockton on Tees and Hartlepool became independent local government authorities. [6][14], As of the December 2019 change, Northern Trains run an hourly service along the Durham Coast Line between Newcastle and Middlesbrough. After crossing the King Edward Bridge and run east to reach Pelaw the train has turned south under the A184 road on the 'old main line'. The line no longer exists, but many features along its path are still visible. Lambton worm bike section, Coast to Coast, Sunderland to Consett railway line, Durham, UK DJI drone Coal mining was concentrated at the Hawthorn Combined Mine, adjacent to the former Durham and Sunderland Railway. 27/07/1846: Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway Act for line from north of Sherburn to Shincliffe and on to Bishop Auckland. Willington railway station was a railway station that served the town of Willington, County Durham North East England from 1857 to 1964 on the Durham to Bishop Londonderry Railway Line opened throughout. There are 5 ways to get from Durham to Sunderland by train, bus, taxi or car. The line developed from several small competing independent railway companies during the first half of the 19th century which ultimately came under the control of the North Eastern Railway. The Hetton system was closed on 12 … Come and experience Durham's railway legacy. [26], The former British Rail stations on the Durham Coast Line at Felling and Pelaw were closed on 5 November 1979, in order to enable their conversion for use by the Tyne and Wear Metro. Location: Pelaw [3] In conjunction with the HD&R, the D&SR thus enabled passengers to travel between Sunderland and Hartlepool for the first time by rail, although passengers had to change stations at Haswell at the time. Despite major financial difficulties, this line was opened to mineral traffic in 1833, but did not carry passengers until July 1835, when a service was introduced between Coxhoe and Stockton (Clarence).[4][5]. Spent nuclear rods are also railed out for re-processing at Sellafield from Hartlepool Nuclear Power Station. Durham and Sunderland Railway opened in 1836 from Sunderland Town Moor NZ4057 to Ryhope NZ4152, Seaton Bank Top NZ3949, Murton NZ3847, Haswell NZ3743 and Pittington NZ3245. [4] However its construction was contingent on the NER purchasing the Londonderry Railway's Seaham to Sunderland route and this was not agreed until 1900 when the NER agreed to pay £387,000 for it. As with many of the early railways, this line was constructed primarily for the transportation of coal from western and central areas of the Durham Coalfield to the River Tees at North Shore (in Stockton), and Port Clarence. [8][3] This involved the construction of the Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge over the River Wear, a new station at Sunderland Central, and tunnels on either side of the station. [3], The current route of the Durham Coast Line has its origins in some of the earliest locomotive-operated railways in North East England. This has yet to come to fruition.[45]. [4] Combined with the 1873 realignment of the south to east curve at Norton Junction, which eased the severity of its curvature,[4] this massively improved the connections between Hartlepool and the rest of the Teesside region. 17/01/1854 [4] One year after the LNR reached Stockton, the newly created West Hartlepool Harbour & Railway (now owners of the Clarence lines) began to share the LNR station at North Stockton. [8] Following the opening of Sunderland Central station, NER and LS&SR services were diverted away from the earlier termini and focussed in one location for the first time. [21] This included £4.4 million from the second round of the Department for Transport's New Stations Fund and additional contributions from Durham County Council and the North East Combined Authority. The station serves the city of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. [8], On 1 January 1948, the London & North Eastern Railway became part of the nationalised British Railways, and, along with other lines in the North East, the Durham Coast Line originally became part of its North Eastern Region. The South Hetton line or Braddyll’s Railway 1833-1984. [16], This new coastal line had to cross the denes at Hawthorn, Castle Eden and Crimdon, each requiring a substantial viaduct; one of the most imposing of these, Denemouth Viaduct (spanning Castle Eden Dene), is 141 feet (43 m) from ground to rail level, and consists of 10 arches, each with a span of 60 feet (18 m). In the 1950s passenger services ended on the old Sunderland to Durham & Hartlepool (via Haswell and South Hetton) line. One notable improvement implemented by the LNER was the electrification of today's DCL between Newcastle and Pelaw Junction, using the 600 V DC third rail system, as part of an extension of the Tyneside Electrics system to South Shields, inaugurated on 14 March 1938. The line opened on 1 April 1905, with new stations constructed at Blackhall Rocks, Horden and Easington,[18] to serve the new villages that had been created to house workers from the new coastal collieries which came into existence thanks to the provision of the railway. [4] To alleviate this, the NER developed plans to construct a new, more direct, line along the coast. At this stage, the railway was powered by rope hauling, until around 1857, when locomotives were first used. Even the Beeching Report only recommended the closure of the remaining three intermediate stations between West Hartlepool and Seaham. Under the supervision of Phase 1 the Tees Valley Rail Strategy, the DCL saw service provision become hourly between Newcastle and Hartlepool from 2000. Now Haswell had just one railway line and one station. Cement is delivered to Seaham Docks, and scrap metal is forwarded from Stockton on Tees to Celsa EAF works in Cardiff. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}54°46′23″N 1°33′54″W / 54.773°N 1.565°W / 54.773; -1.565, List of closed railway lines in Great Britain, "Subterranea Britannia, Disused Stations", Durham Elvet end of the line on OpenStreetMap, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durham–Sunderland_line&oldid=984089787, Closed railway lines in North East England, 1838 establishments in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 03:06. It was under their direction that these lines were gradually linked together to eventually create the Durham Coast Line in 1905. Existing rail stations at Brockley Whins, East Boldon and Seaburn were converted for Metro services. [4] The opening of the High Level Bridge over the River Tyne on 27 September 1849 subsequently extended this route through to Newcastle. In 1858, a new Sunderland station was opened at Hendon, about 880 yards south of the original terminus, but, from 1879, passenger trains were diverted into a new Central station. Notes: The Bishop Auckland branch from Leamside via Durham opened to passengers on 1 April 1857. The first shipment of coal from the new colliery passed down the waggonway to South Hetton and Seaham Harbour on July 2 1835. Light rail services of the Tyne and Wear Metro's Green Line also operate over the same tracks between a junction just south of Sunderland station and Pelaw Junction (just east of Pelaw Metro station). [4] However, it was the D&SR which constructed the first significant north–south section of the Durham Coast Line, that between Ryhope Grange Junction and Ryhope. [34] After some delay,[35] the new Horden station opened on 29 June 2020. Thus a series of improvements were initiated by the NER to better integrate is fragmented network. [29] The non-standard electrification system used by the Metro makes this section of the DCL the only Network Rail line to still use the 1,500V DC overhead line system. [28], In 1996, HM Rail Inspectorate approved plans to extend the Metro between Pelaw, Sunderland and South Hylton, along tracks shared with heavy rail DCL services, subject to funding being raised. Heavy rail passenger services, predominantly operated Northern Trains, and some freight services operate over the whole length of the line; it provides an important diversionary route at times when the East Coast Main Line is closed. This was Britain’s first commercial railway, which was closed in 1985. [27] The Metro line between Haymarket and Heworth opened in November 1981, and as a result, the British Rail station at Gateshead was closed just one week later. [27] They were replaced by a new station at Heworth, opened on the same day. / /1863: Londonderry Railway Act passed (retrospective, line opened in 1854/55). 5 heads a line of NCB industrial tank engines and a brake van in front of the engine shed at Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. [13] Following its amalgamation with the Great North of England Railway, the Newcastle & Darlinton Junction Railway became the York & Newcastle Railway, and took out a lease on the HD&R[6] before both became part of the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway under an Act of 22 July 1848. [44], The docks at Sunderland were recently reconnected by Network Rail, in the anticipation of a return to rail traffic. From Ryhope to Hendon Dock the line ran parallel to the Durham and Sunderland Railway. Meanwhile, as part of its expansion, Newcastle & Darlington Junction Railway had took over the BJR on 1 September 1844,[12] and then purchased the D&SR in 1846. Most trains run through from Hexham (with some from Carlisle), and continue through to Nunthorpe (some run as far as Whitby). The oldest section of the line in use today is that between North Shore Junction and Norton South Junction,[4][5] constructed by the Clarence Railway. The route itself takes you past the new Stadium of Light, along the riverside, through the marina and onto the beach at Roker. The Durham–Sunderland line was a railway line in the North East of England. From 1836, the railway line only ran from Sunderland to Ryhope, a year later reaching Sherburn, and after another year stretching to Shincliffe. [29], The project also involved the electrification of the Durham Coast Line between Pelaw Junction and Sunderland South Junction, and an upgrade to signalling on that section of the line. (interactive map … Freight traffic on the line continued to thrive, whilst the collieries along the line (and a few short sections of the older east–west lines which had been retained as branches for mineral traffic) were still in operation. [29] As part of this project, three new purpose-built Metro stations were constructed along the Durham Coast Line at Fellgate, Stadium of Light and St Peter's, the latter of which was constructed close to the site of the long-closed Monkwearmouth station. It became an important link in the chain of railways forming the ‘Old Main Line’, the original intention was merely to redirect to the Tyne coal from the pits in the Houghton-le-Spring area, and from pits served by the Hartlepool Railway. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Part of the Durham to Sunderland Line, which diverged from the Leamside Line to the south-east of the Victoria Viaduct, re-opened in March 2002, following the Tyne and Wear Metro's extension to Wearside. [4] Despite them having already begun to experience a decline in traffic due to competition from road transport, the LNER did provide some improvements to the line. The track stayed in place between South Hetton (and the projected Hawthorn Shaft which would raise coal from Eppleton, Elemore and Murton collieries) and the coast railway at Ryhope. [17] The construction of these viaducts required the opening of a special brickfield and, in the case of Denemouth Viaduct, the creation of a temporary 800 feet (240 m) cableway spanning valley.[17]. The station buildings at Durham Elvet were demolished in the mid-1960s. A multi-user route based on a disused railway line, ... Sunderland, Durham Web Sites: Sustrans - Consett and Sunderland Railway Path: Maps: You can use the interactive controls to zoom in and out and to move around the map, or click on a path or a marker for more info. In 1832 the Hartlepool Dock and Railway Company began to build a passenger/freight line from Hartlepool to Haswell (via Hart Station, Hesleden, Wellfield and Shotton) with the intention of pushing through to Pittington, Moorsley, Rainton and beyond and hopefully diverting coal trade from collieries en route towards Hartlepool. 2 and an unidentified 0-6-0T are closest to the shed building. It is owned by Network Rail and managed by Northern Trains. [4] Thus, from 1865, one company was in control of the whole through route between Middlesbrough, Hartlepool, Sunderland and Newcastle, although the lines remained largely unconnected. Hartlepool to Sunderland via Haswell 1835/36-1993. The Leamside – Bishop Auckland branch now provided an alternative route between Durham and Sunderland, far more convenient than via the Durham & Sunderland’s Shincliffe (for Durham) terminus – which was abandoned in 1893 when the D&S was re-routed to a terminus at Durham Elvet. The line terminates at South Hylton, around 3 miles (4.8 km) from the After many years of development work undertaken by Durham County Council, £10.5 million of funding was agreed in July 2017 to open a new station at Horden,[32] approximately 200 yards (180 m) north of the site earlier[33] (1905-1964) station. Concentrated at the Hawthorn Combined Mine, adjacent to the Metro station at Heworth opened. 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